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Module 3 - Finding information on a topic
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Module 5 - What is a refereed article?
Module 6 - Finding & using internet resources
Module 7 - Citing references & plagiarism
Module 8 - Evidence-based medicine
Medicine 3802 Information Skills ""
Citing your references in the APA Style

There are many referencing styles available, each giving guidelines as to what information is required and how it should be presented in order to create your reference. Referencing styles are usually created by an organisation or institution (such as Harvard Style or American Psychological Association (APA)) or publishers themselves (eg. Journal of Biological Chemistry).

For your assignments, use the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style as your guideline. Listed on this page are some common examples. If you require more information, you can consult the APA Style Manual (located in the UNSW Library 808.06615/1 U) or link to one or more of the sites listed under "More Information".

In your report, whenever you refer to information from another publication, you must acknowledge the source in your sentence (in-text citations) and then provide more information at the end (reference list).

Always remember to correctly acknowledge the source of information that you use.

In-text citations

When referring to works used in your research within the text of an assignment, it is necessary to include the surname of the author/s, the year of publication, and the page/paragraph number whichever appropriate. In text citations may be placed immediately following the author’s name (year in brackets), or at the end of a sentence before the concluding punctuation in brackets (i.e., author surname, year) 1.

For more details, go to the In-text Citation section of the UNSW Medicine APA (American Psychological Association) referencing guide.

7.1 Objectives
7.2 Plagiarism
7.3 Citing your references in the APA Style
7.4 Managing references using EndNote
7.5 Managing references using RefWorks
7.6 Review
More Information
UNSW Medicine :: APA (American Psychological Association) Referencing Guide
UNSW Learning Centre :: Referencing: American Psychological Association (APA) Style
box eBook :: Beins, B.C. (2012). APA Style Simplified : Writing in Psychology, Education, Nursing, and Sociology. Wiley.
box University of Melbourne :: re:cite
box Victoria University :: APA REFERENCING : a brief guide
How to list your references - common examples
Publication type Citation Format Example
books Author/editor(s). (Year of publication). Title of book. (edition). Place of publication: Publisher. Kumar, V., Abbas, A.K., Fausto, N. and Mitchell, R.N. (2012). Robbins' Basic Pathology (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders.
journal articles Author of journal article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume of journal (issue number of journal), article pages. Gatta, L., Vakil, N., Ricci, C., Osborn, J.F., Tampieri, A., Perna, F., et al. (2003). A rapid, low-dose, 13C-urea tablet for the detection of Helicobacter pylori infection before and after treatment. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 17(6),793-8.
book chapters Author of chapter. (Year of publication). Chapter title. In Editor(s) of book, Title of book. (edition, chapter pages). Place of publication: Publisher. Bradley, P. (2000) Should childhood immunization be compulsory? In P. Bradley, & A. Burls (Eds), Ethics in public and community health (pp167 – 176). London: Routledge.
internet sites Author's last name and initial (if known) or organisational name (Year of last update). Title of work (if available). Retrieved month day, year, from source [ie. URL]. Australian Government Department of Health (2014). Measles - Elimination achieved in Australia. Retrieved November 8, 2014, from

1 Paragraph taken from the UNSW Medicine APA (American Psychological Association) referencing guide (In-text Citation section).

hands onFor more practice, the University of Sydney have a fun activity to help students learn how to reference at:

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